Sermon on the Feast of Christ the King, Bishop Matthew Hassan KUKAH

Matthew Hassan KUKAH
Matthew Hassan KUKAH

THE world traces the origins of Kingship to the emergence of feudalism in Europe. Feudalism itself emerged as a system by which powerful and rich men acquired wealth through ownership of land. Often, ownership of land was by force and conquest. In the process, the wealthy proceeded to lord it over other lesser mortals in the society. Kingship would gradually grow its own system of administration through the creation of lesser units of power, creation of a system of taxes over subjects, guarantee security, order, law, and justice. Kings gradually claimed to be anointed by the gods, hence the idea of the divine right of Kings.

Before Jesus entered history, the world had known famous Kings. His life also did not escape  the web of the power of Kings. Even his entry into the world was seen as a threat to the  powerful Herod of the time. The mere rumour that a King has been born led Herod to order  the killing of hundreds of children who had the misfortune of having been born at the same  time as Jesus (Mt. 2:16). Three days after Christmas, December 28th, Mother Church  recognises these events by celebrating the feast of the holy Innocents. So, the first air Jesus  breathed was the foul air of the corruption of Kingship. His life and death will be wrapped  around the swaddling cloth of Kingship from Herod to Pilate.

The history of Africa is the history of Kings and the history of Kings is the history of blood and  destruction because almost all Kingdoms were established by blood. In themselves, the rise  of Kings was supposed to be the manifestation of the unity of a community. However, propelled by greed and the quest for power and glory, kingship and lordship became sources of blood and war leading them to seek power beyond their domains. And so, the greatness of  a King or queen was measured by the amount of land that they were able to conquer and the  peoples and nations they brought under their subjugation. After British colonialism, all of us,  including our so called, Kings and Queens became what was called, British protected children.  We remained protected children until October 1, 1960. Similarly, the Hausa Kings had ruled  their peoples for hundreds of years until they were conquered by the Fulanis in 1808 and their  kingdoms ended. The Fulanis took over power and made them subjects. Till date, the Fulanis  still hold on to feudal power as Emirs over their conquered Hausas.

As in the time of Israel, the quest for Kings has become part and parcel of our stories across  Africa. Very little has changed in the texture and essence of Kingship, namely, the culture of  domination, oppression, subjugation as manifestations of power. A King has to have subjects  and the reason why he is King is that he is ordained by the gods, he is specially chosen, he is  the source of all wisdom and power. Beyond him there is no other law maker. He does not  shake the hands of his subjects, his saliva does not fall on the ground, when his leg crosses  your wife’s legs, you go home alone, he has power over life and death (Sarkin yanka as they  are called in Hausa society). We can recognise ourselves in some of these stories today.

I have narrated this because we are still living with these realities even as many Kings have  become Christians. Kingship elicits awe. Why is the Kingship of Jesus so significant and why  should the world pay attention to it today? How should Christians see the Kingship of Jesus


Christ in their lives? How should civil authorities see the Kingship of Jesus vis a vis their  thrones? And, finally, how should you and I see the Kingship of Jesus? With over two billion  people around the world acknowledging Jesus as their King, the world must pause.

First, the entrance of Jesus into world history erected a world between cultures, histories,  traditions and civilisations. In responding to this question as to why the entrance of Jesus into  history was so significant, Bishop Fulton Sheen stated: History is full of men who have claimed  that they came from God, or that they were gods, or that they bore messages from God Buddha, Mohammed, Confucius, Christ, Lao-tze and thousands of others right down to the  person who founded a new religion this very day. Each of them has a right to be heard and  considered. But as a yardstick external to and outside of what is measured, so there must be  some permanent tests available to all men, all civilisations, and all ages, by which they can  stand whether any of these claimants, or all of them, are justified in their claims.

For example, is there any of these prophets whose coming was foretold by an external agent,  a prophet, false, real or imagined? Were there supposed to be signs by which the world could  test or verify these claims? We cannot speak for any of the other prophets but we can speak  for Jesus Christ. His coming was foretold by the prophets; a virgin shall conceive and bear a  son and his name will be Emmanuel (Is. 7:14). His birth place, Bethlehem, is pre-announced (Jn. 7: 42) and his lineage is from the tribe of David( Matt. 21:9). We were told he would die  and rise again after three days. Indeed, He rose as was prophesied and what is more, even his  enemies, those who killed him testified(Matt. 28ff).

Two, how should we as Christians see the kingship of Jesus Christ today? Our environment is  saturated with men and women seeking honour every day, everywhere and by every means.  To be on the safe side and knowing how seriously Nigerians take their titles, I have resolved  to address the average Nigerian as, Sir or Chief. They will never say they are not Sir or Chief,  but God forbid if you fail to pay this homage. I heard of a Chief who sent messengers back  after they had travelled for almost a whole day to deliver a letter of invitation to him on the  grounds that he was not addressed as mere Chief without the Dr. And as you see among the  Igbos, no title holder is 2nd. Everyone is number 1!

Against this backdrop, how should we as Christians see public office, titles, crowns, power  and glory? In the Message of Jesus Christ, we see a completely new world with a new set of  eyes. The new Gospel of Jesus Christ not only split history, it gave everything in life new  meaning. Through his coming, a people that walked in darkness have seen a wonderful light (Is. 9:2, Mt. 4:16). To be a Christian is not to belong to an association, a club, a tribe, a culture,  or even a Church. It is not enough to be baptised or to be a frequent participant at worship  and even recipient of the Eucharist. To be a Christian is to embrace a new world, a new  language, a new vision, a new attitude to everything in life. It is to follow in the footsteps of  Jesus Christ, to bear a cross. Life is about finding these footsteps and clinging to the old rugged  cross, hoping as the old hymn says, that we shall exchange it some day for a crown! Now, let  us pause and look at some of the examples of the difference between the Kingship of Jesus  and that of the world.

  • While the Kings of the world live in Palaces, Jesus said the Son of Man has nowhere to  lay His head (Lk. 9: 58).


  • While Kings collect taxes and live on the hard work of others, recognise no authority  other than theirs, Jesus offered to pay his Tax (Mt. 17:27)
  • While Kings of the world are served, Jesus says, the son of man came not to be served  but to serve (Mt. 20:28)
  • While the children of Kings are called Princes and live in luxury, Jesus said that every  follower of His must take up his cross (Mt. 16:24)
  • While Kings showed their powers over life and death of their subjects by having their  own prisons, Jesus says, I have come to set the captive free (Lk. 4:18)
  • While ordinary people are supposed to be ready to give their lives to protect their  King, Jesus says, the son of man has come to lay down his life for his sheep (Jn. 10:18). • While palaces of the Kings are surrounded by servants who wash their feet, Jesus said,  I the Lord and Master have washed your feet (Jn. 13:13).
  • While Kings are expected to ride in triumph on decorated horses followed by lower  mortals, Jesus rode to glory on a borrowed donkey (Mk. 11:7)
  • While Kings are buried in memorable tombs perhaps with their subjects, and marked  by cenotaphs, Jesus is buried in a borrowed tomb (Mt. 27:60)
  • While the children of Kings are born in the most expensive hospitals or health facilities,  and given the best attention, Jesus is born in a manger, among animals (Lk. 2:7). • While Kings confer privileges on their lineage, Jesus says that everyone who does the  will of God is part of the lineage of God (Lk. 8: 21).

Against this background, what should the Kingship of Jesus mean to us as individuals, families  or communities of faith? To ask this question is to ask how we should bear witness to Jesus  Christ in public life. In other words, how should Christians conduct themselves in public life?  Leadership is not about thrones. Each and every one of us is a leader in our own rights.  Therefore, to lead others, we must gain control of ourselves by controlling our own demons.  We must imbibe the principles of self-discipline. To be a Christian is to find the footsteps of  Jesus Christ and to try walking on them. He already said, I am the way, the truth and the light (Jn. 14:6). The definitive article shows that He is not one out of many ways, truths or lights.

How can we discover the real footsteps of Jesus, you might ask? We can discover them  through Prayer, Scripture, Meditation, and working hard every day imitate Jesus. We must  identify and practice a life of virtue with Love as our driving force. There is a King in each of  us. It just depends on what type of king we are. Often, we seek power to dominate and exploit  others. We seek, compete and struggle for places of honour and high positions in our society.  Rather than serve, we seek what we call in Nigeria, juicy positions for self-enrichment. This is  a simple way of saying we are thieves and simply looking for comfort zones!

As citizens, we have been victims of abuse of power, recklessness and wickedness in high  places by the massive corruption around us. Today’s Gospel tells us how apparently easy it is  to enter Heaven. It is about care, sensitivity to the needs of our neighbours, developing an  extra eye for the victims and those in need. In the final analysis, the focus of a good Christian  life is measured more by the sins of omission rather than commission. We may be the only  Bible our neighbours will ever read. As for the world’s principalities and power, their authority is temporal and they can have their say, but the Lord will have His way because, as St Paul  says: At the name of Jesus, every knee shall bow (Phil. 2: 10). Praise be to Jesus our King!

– Nov. 22, 2020 @ 16:35 GMT |

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