The new figure is a stark reminder of why UNICEF was established, as the organisation marks 70 years of work for the most vulnerable children
AN estimated 535 million children, nearly one in four, live in countries affected by conflict or disaster, often without access to medical care, quality education, proper nutrition and protection, UNICEF said on Friday, December 9.
According to the UNICEF report, Sub-Saharan Africa is home to nearly three-quarters, 393 million, of the global number of children living in countries affected by emergencies, followed by the Middle East and North Africa where 12 percent of the children reside.
The new figures are released as UNICEF, on Sunday, December 11, 2016, marks 70 years of relentless work in the world’s toughest places to bring life-saving aid, long-term support, and hope to children whose lives and futures are threatened by conflict, crises, poverty, inequality and discrimination.
“UNICEF was established to bring help and hope to children whose lives and futures are endangered by conflict and deprivation, and this enormous figure – representing the individual lives of half a billion children – is a sharp reminder that our mission is becoming more urgent every day,” Anthony Lake, UNICEF executive director, said.
The impact of conflict, natural disasters and climate change is forcing children to flee their homes, trapping them behind conflict lines, and putting them at risk of disease, violence and exploitation.
According to the UNICEF report, nearly 50 million children have been uprooted – more than half of them driven from their homes by conflicts.
For instance, as violence continues to escalate across Syria, the number of children living under siege has doubled in less than one year. Nearly 500,000 children now live in 16 besieged areas across the country, almost completely cut off from sustained humanitarian aid and basic services.
Similarly, in North-Eastern Nigeria, nearly 1.8 million people are displaced, almost one million of them are children.
More so, in a war-ravaged Afghanistan, nearly half of primary-aged children are out of school, while Yemen has nearly 10 million children affected by the conflict.
In South Sudan, 59 percent of primary-aged children are out of school and one in three schools is closed in conflict affected areas.
Children are also victims in some areas ravaged by natural disasters. For instance, more than two months after Hurricane Matthew hit Haiti, more than 90,000 children under-five remain in need of assistance.
The emergencies faced today by the most vulnerable children threaten to undermine immense progress made in recent decades.
Since 1990, the number of children dying before their fifth birthday halved and hundreds of millions of children have been lifted out of poverty. Out-of-school rates among primary-school-aged children have reduced by more than 40 per cent between 1990 and 2014.
Despite significant progress, too many children are being left behind because of their gender, race, religion, ethnic group or disability; because they live in poverty or in hard-to-reach communities; or simply because they are children.
“Whether children live in a country in conflict or a country in peace, their development is critical not only to their individual futures but also to the future of their societies,” Lake said.
— Dec 19, 2016 @ 01:00 GMT